You know how sometimes you can just look at a room and know that something is missing? All the decorations and furniture are there, but the entire room just feels a little flat. There are 7 elements of interior design which are the key to create an aesthetically pleasing interior.

1. Space
Space acts as a foundation on which the plan is built. It is important in ensuring you are best equipped to take advantage of what is available to you.

Three-dimensional space (length, width, and height) can be filled or left empty, depending upon what you need to achieve from a functionality and design perspective.

Space gives you limits of how much you can place in a room. If your room is small, don’t overcrowd it with furniture and accessories. If your room is large, don’t skimp on furnishings.

2. Line
Creating lines using the room’s furnishings and structural design can form harmony, unity, and contrast. This element signifies movement and guides the eye throughout a room.

Horizontal lines, created by tables, chairs, beds, and other surfaces, give a sense of stability, formality, and efficiency. We highlight horizontal lines to make a room appear wider and longer and to draw the eye to a focal point. Keep in mind, overemphasis of horizontal lines can make space seem boring and uninspired.

Vertical lines, created by features such as windows, curtains, doorways and tall furniture, evoke feelings of freedom and strength. On a functional level, vertical lines often add to the illusion of height in your home.

Dynamic lines refer to diagonal, zigzag or curved lines. Such lines can be found in stairs, for example, and provide energy and movement. Stimulating to the eye, dynamic lines capture our attention longer. However, too many dynamic lines in one room can be distracting, and overpower horizontal or vertical lines.


3. Form
Forms mean shapes in general, an outline of any three-dimensional object in the space.

Forms can usually be described as either geometric or natural. Geometric refers to hard lines and square edges and often looking man-made. Natural relates to more organic forms that seem to be created by nature.

Another thing to take into consideration with form is the proportions and scale of the room compared to the objects being placed within it. Adding forms of similar shapes can create harmony and balance while adding too many different shapes can have a confusing result. Space is typically more pleasing if the dominant form is repeated in minor objects throughout the room.


4. Light
The element of light can refer to natural or man-made sources. Without it, other elements namely color, texture and pattern have no significance at all. Light sets a certain feel, mood, and style in a room.

Lighting can include natural light or artificial light. There are 3 main types of artificial lighting and they are task lighting, accent lighting, and mood lighting. Task light as the name implies includes light sources like table and bed lamps which have a defined purpose, dedicated for a specific task. Accent lights are meant for highlighting a particular piece or show item like artworks, structures, sculptures and so on. Mood or ambient lighting basically set the mood of the living space and illuminate the overall space.

5. Color
Along with light, color is the key element of interior design. Colors must be chosen based on the psychology and the mindset of homeowners. For example, red is an excellent choice for dining room or kitchen as it stimulates the appetite. Greens and blues are suited to the bedroom as convey tranquillity and calmness.

The color can also change the perception of how big or small a room is. Think about what the room will be used for and the activities that will occur in that space when considering the color. Lighter or brighter colors in smaller spaces can give the illusion of more space. Darker colors can give a powerful dimension to a larger space.

6. Texture
Texture mainly deals with surfaces and determines how a typical surface looks and feels. Texture adds depth and interest into a living space and defines the feel/appearance and consistency of a surface.

Texture comes in two forms – visual texture and actual texture. Visual texture refers to the texture that is perceived by the eye and only visible. This effect is usually found in the form of the pattern. Actual or tactile textures can be seen or felt. For example, a fluffy, colorful cushion can be appreciated not only with the eye but also with touch.

Texture can be used to enhance a room’s features or provide added dimension. In a small, dark room, furnishings with smooth, shiny finishes will impart a reflective quality and give the space a sense of natural light. In a bright, large room, rough textures will help balance the excess of natural light.


7. Pattern
Patterns add interest and life to interior design and work along with colors. Patterns tell a story of their own and add the elements of continuity and smooth transition in a living space. It works like texture to provide interest to surfaces.

Patterns are created by using repetitive designs in fabrics, rugs, paint techniques and wallpaper. Patterns come in various types, such as stripes, geometric, pictorial, organic, motif and animal prints. Fun to use and with an element of functionality, patterns can bring a room to life.


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